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舊 2008-05-01, 20:43   #1
ed512
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[新聞]主繩被快扣完全割斷(國外真實案例,有圖)

新聞來源
http://www.czechclimbing.com/clanek.php?key=6771

-------------大略翻譯--------------------
主繩被損傷的快扣完全割斷

這個意外發生在人工岩場中
沒有人受傷
因為攀登者(80公斤)是墬落在第一個快扣
而主繩被第一個快扣完全割斷
........................................
大致原因
該快扣是鋁製鉤環
又是第一個
會因為take而產生很大的摩擦力
然後摩擦磨損而產生像刀一樣的直角
最後因為攀登者也蠻重的
墜落係數也大而把主繩割斷
.......................................
如何避免
1.時常檢查自己裝備
2.高度注意第一個勾環(如下圖示意)

...................
........................................


-----------------全文----------------------------
Rope cut completely in worn carabiner


Watch out!!!



The safety commission of the Czech Mountaineering Union recently reported an incident which involved a falling climbers rope being cut completely over the edge of a well worn carabiner.


The case happened recently in one of the indoor climbing walls in Prague and thankfully nobody was injured because the fall was just above the first quickdraw and the falling climber landed OK.
The rope was reported as a brand new (two weeks old)from a well known manufacturer.
After the case the report was published and the climbing public was warned of the risk.
The wear on the carabiner was probably because the intensity of the rope friction there is enormous. Logic says that it could impact the last carabiner on the route (which does not catch falls), and according to this new incident the first one as well- where the fall factor is the most critical.

Picture 1




During lowering the rope enters the carabiner in a specific angle and at the upper edge of the carabiner the rope further sharpens the body of the carabiner to a flat surface and a sharp edge is formed: Picture 2 below in the text.

The description of the incident: The fall of the first climber from the first go on protection, the rope was cut through, the climber fell to the ground, luckily without any injury. The length of the fall was 1,6 m. The fall factor 0,57.
The mass of the falling climber was 80 kg. Belayed statically. The rope was single dynamic 11 mm diameter.




Picture 2 and 3




The carabiner long term used on the position of the route first protection.

Picture 4 a 5
The rope cut off in the incident







Picture 6 a 7
Detail of the cut rope







Conclusion: Climbing wall providers should regularly check the carabiners and those showing significant wear in the rope basket should be replaced by new ones. Higher attention should be placed on the first ones on a route or the others which are the first in the direction of the rope (e.g. under overhangs, in the beginning or end of traverses etc.).
In case the visitor of the climbing wall would find any grooved carabiner, he/she should notice the climbing wall provider.

======================================================
ed512 LDS 建議
1.攀岩館或固定式快扣最好換成鐵製或鋼製鉤環
2.不要墜落
3.不要超過80公斤
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此文章於 2008-05-01 21:05 被 ed512 編輯.
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